Parent-independent student: Who is entitled to how much student loans?

Parents independent is a state financial support, which serves the purpose of the cost recovery for the livelihood during a training period. The special feature of this support is that it is independent of the income of the parents, while in normal training support and the parental income and assets are taken into account in the calculation. This has a significant influence on the amount. Given to the parent-independent, the income of the parents plays no role and is not included in the calculation basis. Further questions and answers regarding the receipt of independent benefits can be found in our guidebook article.

Entitlement to a parent-independent

Who gets parent-independent ?

A claim is open to persons over the age of 15 who are in a specific training and meet special requirements.

requirements to be supported independently of parents:

  • Study after at least five years of employment
  • Study after three years of employment (with minimum income) after successfully completing a three-year vocational training
  • University entrance qualification on the second educational path
  • More than 30 years old when there are certain reasons for the high educational age
  • Parents unknown warped and not findable and / or legally not obliged to child maintenance
  • As a full orphan
  • For Master’s programs, vocational training, study and dual studies, if the person to be supported meets at least one of the above conditions
  • If no conditions are fulfilled and the parents are no longer dependent on maintenance, but without a benefit the education would be in danger

Note: If the parents refuse to provide information about their income or the payment of child support, students can apply for a advance payment.

Parent independent for married people

The right to a parent-independent remains valid if the applicant is married. The only condition: the spouse may not have sufficient income to fulfill his obligation to provide maintenance to the applicant spouse. If the income is higher, this is taken into account for the calculation of the non-dependent, as would be the case with dependent parents. If the spouse has a high income, there is a possibility that the right to a parent-independent will cease.

Basic prerequisites to receive benefits regardless of parent

When do I get a parent free ?

As a rule, a independent of parental leave is granted if the parents are no longer dependent on maintenance after the age of 25 or if they do not meet their maintenance obligations.
Under the age of 25, a independent of parents is possible if the parents have died and the applicant is orphaned. Even young mothers with their own marital status have chances to get a parent-independent.

If the seeks a master’s degree, it is sufficient if the age limit of 35 years has not yet been reached at the beginning of the study. A previous bachelor’s program is regarded as vocational training. For the promotion of the Master’s program, at least three years of employment have taken place after the Bachelor’s degree.

Is a proof of performance to be provided?

Another condition is to provide proof of performance from time to time in order not to lose the right to the non-dependent. Depending on the type of training, intermediate examinations in many areas are considered proof of performance. In addition, a beneficiary has to stay away from the training for at least three months during the training. The training includes internships, these are to be completed and lessons are to attend regularly.

Duration of subscription from the office

How long is a parent-independent available?

The independent is granted for as long as the regular. The duration depends on the respective type of training and is regulated by § 15. In most cases is paid until the end of the training or the standard period of study. Assuming, of course, that the recipient’s personal or economic circumstances during the period of promotion correspond to the conditions and requirements of the authorization. For example, if the income situation changes or a marriage is due, the claim may end sooner.

Application and procedure

How do I apply for a parent-independent ?

is applied for at the latest in the month in which the studies begin. Retroactive benefits are not granted.
The application does not require any special formality. It’s easy via the online form. The Federal Ministry of Education and Research provides all necessary forms.

The completed application must be sent to the responsible training support office. The processing time may take a few weeks. Especially if the application was made at the beginning of the semester, where thousands of applications are received by the Office.

It is important that for students the enrollment certificate is attached to the application. Without this, no processing takes place. Required documents are also required, depending on the proof and the personal circumstances:

  • Registration certificate if applicant no longer lives with parents
  • Certification of the Bürgeramt if the parents are unknown
  • Pension notice for full orphans
  • Training and employment certificates
  • Own proof of income and assets and, if applicable, of the spouse
  • Proof of other income
  • Birth certificates of children as well as marriage certificate
  • Rental cost certificate
  • Cost statement of a health and long-term care insurance for self-insured

Height independent of

How does the Office calculate the funding?

The independent is granted in the same amount as the normal. The maximum rate for students is 735 euros per month. In addition, health and long-term care insurance is eligible for € 86. For pupils, the maximum height is lower.

The Loan is based on various factors, which relate for example to the place of residence or the training location.

Student lives in the parents house Student does not live in the parents’ house
451 Euro + 86 Euro = 537 Euro 649 euros + 86 euros = 735 euros

training type Pupil lives in the parental home Student does not live in his parents’ house
Secondary general education school, vocational school from 10th grade, secondary school after completed vocational training No claim 504 euros + 86 euros
Vocational and technical school classes (at least two years old) and professional qualification 231 euros + 86 euros 504 euros + 86 euros
Fachoberschule after completed vocational training 418 euros + 86 euros 587 euros + 86 euros
Specialized school class after completion of vocational training, evening grammar school and colleges 424 euros + 86 euros 622 euros + 86 euros

Influence of other income

Will job, child benefit and housing benefit reduce the benefits?

The maximum rate may be reduced if other sources of income are obtained:

  • Own income
  • Income of the spouse
  • Full orphan’s pension
  • Other income over 450 euros
  • Maintenance or regular gifts of money from, for example, the grandparents
  • Grant from scholarships from 300 euros or other funding institutions
  • Own assets from 7,500 euros

Earnings limit student job

Basically, a side job with a maximum of 20 working hours a week and an income up to 450 € is possible without affecting the -height. Anything that goes beyond the 450 euros is credited to the and results in a reduction.

Parent-independent and child benefit

In addition to the parent-independent, child benefit is also available during studies. This is not counted towards the amount, since it alone serves the support of a child.

Parent-independent and housing allowance

In addition to the students and students can apply for housing subsidy, with the financial support for rent and possibly the ancillary costs. Housing benefit is not taken into account in the calculation and does not affect benefits from -Amt.

Parent-independent with child

Students or pupils with children (ren), who receive a independent of parents, are entitled to a special child care allowance. This is only paid to one parent if both parents receive.

The childcare allowance for the child is governed by § 14b. The amount is uniformly 130 euros per month per child.
This is not part of the repayment, but is not automatically granted and must be requested separately. Special proof of childcare is usually not required.

Liberation from the GEZ

Who buys, has the possibility of a GEZ exemption. For this purpose, the must be notified to the fee collection center and request exemption. The GEZ is entitled to convince itself during the release period that is still being procured.

Repayment of parentfree

A repayment obligation of the parent-independent does not exist for students who have received a pure school. You receive this promotion without refund. The situation is different with a non-parent for students. Here, the total debt is a maximum of 10,000 euros. If the amount of the subsidy received exceeds this, it is at the expense of the state.

When does the repayment begin?

The repayment starts no later than five years after the end of the training. The purpose of this rule is to provide the recipient with a generous amount of time after the end of training in which to find and earn a job, so that the reimbursement of non-parent is less of a financial burden.

What are the rates?

As a rule, the parent-independent is paid in quarterly installments. The rate per month is at least 105 euros, so 315 euros every three months.

Which options of payments are there?

Shortly before the end of the five years, the recipient will be informed of the beginning of the repayment obligation. This information is accompanied by repayment options.

According to § 18 para. 5b, the former student has the right to reimburse the debts in a sum or in partial sums to higher amounts.

In the case of a one-time debt repayment, the former recipient benefits from a discount that extends to up to 50 percent of the total debt. However, this is the total debt, because in a complete debt repayment in one time, the 10,000 euro limit falls away, which was granted as the maximum debt. This only applies to installment payments and partial payments.

Calculated this means that under certain circumstances, the amount to be repaid with a one-time replacement is higher, as in the installment and installment. For the latter, a discount of up to 40 percent is offered, depending on the amount and frequency of the installment amounts.

Is the repayment to be avoided?

The reimbursement is to be circumvented by legal means in the case where the debtor does not have sufficient income and assets to make the repayments. The Federal Office of Administration may then still obtain a judicial debtor title, which remains valid for 30 years.

In most cases, the Federal Office of Administration adjusts the claim to repayment if the debtor sets out his insolvency. In addition, a prerequisite for the termination of the repayment obligation is a foreseeability that the debtor will not be solvent in the future. This is the case, for example, where the debtor has suffered lifelong health consequences following an accident, is unable to work and only receives a small accident pension until the end of his life.

Although bypassing the full amount is normally not possible, a partial remission of up to 20 percent of the repayment amount must be applied for due to particularly good performance. Prerequisites for this are:

  • Studies completed before 1 January 2013
  • As one of the 30 best graduate students graduated
  • Graduation reached at the latest 12 months after the end of the grant

When is there a right to deferment / release of the independent ?

Deferments and exemptions are governed by  18a and allow under certain circumstances, payment interruptions of the installment agreements to make.

The right to deferment and exemption apply to persons who temporarily have a low income or for some other reasons are in financial difficulties. Prerequisite is an income that does not exceed an allowance of 1070 euros. If children or children with disabilities are present, the allowances must be increased by application.

The application for the deferral or an exemption is already possible upon delivery of the determination and repayment notice.

Alternative ways to finance your studies

If no non-parent is granted, there are other ways to finance a degree program.

part-time job

Especially in classical university cities such as Berlin or Münster, the supply of student jobs is great. Whether working in a restaurant as a marginal occupation, helping out at the weekly market in the week or giving tutoring lessons – these are just a few examples of permanent side jobs.

In addition, there is the opportunity to apply for summer jobs. Companies that have high season during the holiday season like to fall back on students as temporary workers.
If you do not receive a, you do not have to comply with the monthly income limit of 450 euros for the part-time job. However, then tax and social security contributions are due if the part-time job brings higher income.


Obtaining a scholarship is not a particularly good job. Rather, it is relevant whether the fellowship’s personality, commitment and interests are in harmony with that of the scholarship providers.

The amount of a scholarship is somewhat similar to that of the independent. The advantage over the, however, is that the scholarship can not be repaid. One possibility for funding is “Bad Note” scholarship.

student loans

Another alternative to finance a study is a student loan. This is available in different versions. These include regular student loans, education funds and student loans. They provide students with financial flexibility and do not require any credentials. Therefore, they are especially suitable for students who prefer to study slowly. The disadvantage, however, is that there is no discount and additional interest will be charged.